It is an elementary principle of jurisprudence in all civilized countries that before property or liberty may be taken from an individual he shall have an opportunity to be heard on charges brought against him.
This is a rule so universal in its application to all common-law, chancery, or statutory proceedings that there is general agreement that no court has power otherwise to divest a person of property or punish him. In fact, the recognition of that basic principle of justice is so widespread that courts are now seldom called upon to restore rights of individuals so ruthlessly taken from them.
Leininger v. Reichle, 317 Ill. 625, 148 N.E. 384; Heppe v. Szczepanski, 209 Ill. 88, 70 N.E. 737, 101 Am.St.Rep. 221; Botsford v. O’Conner, 57 Ill. 72.